Meredith G. Kline, born 1922 in Coplay Pennsylvania, is an American theologian and Old Testament scholar. Kline is an influential voice for Covenant theology in the Reformed tradition. He is perhaps best known for his important contributions in the area of Suzerain-Vassal treaties in the 2nd millennium BC. He is also well-known for his defense of the "framework" interpretation of the creation story in the first chapter of the Book of Genesis.
Kline received a B.A., Gordon College; Th.B., Th.M., Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia (1947), and a Ph.D. in Assyriology and Egyptology from Dropsie University (1956). He is an ordained minister in the Orthodox Presbyterian Church and has had a long career as Professor of Old Testament at various institutions, including Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia; Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary; and Westminster Seminary California.
- God, Heaven and Har Magedon: A Covenantal Tale of Cosmos and Telos (2006) ISBN 1597524786
- Glory in Our Midst: A Biblical-Theological Reading of Zechariah's Night Visions (2001) ISBN 1579105998
- Kingdom Prologue: Genesis Foundations for a Covenantal Worldview (2000) ISBN 1597525642
- The Genesis Debate: Three Views on the Days of Creation (contributor, 2000) ISBN 0970224508
- Images of the Spirit (1999) ISBN 1579102050
- The Structure of Biblical Authority (1997) ISBN 1579100694
- "Space and Time in the Genesis Cosmogony," Perspectives on Science & Christian Faith 48 (1996) pp. 2-15
- By Oath Consigned: A Reinterpretation of the Covenant Signs of Circumcision and Baptism (1968)
- Treaty of the Great King: The Covenant Structure of Deuteronomy: Studies and Commentary (1963)
- "Because It Had Not Rained," Westminster Theological Journal 20 (1958) pp. 146-57.